Points to Remember : NCERT class VII : Our Environment – Chapter 7
Points to remember
Settlements are places where people build their homes.
Settlements can be permanent or temporary, Rural or Urban.
Transport is the means by which people and goods move. Invention of the wheel made transport easier.
In our country donkeys, mules, bullocks and camels are also used for transportation. In the Andes Mountains of South America, llamas are used, as are yaks in Tibet.
Modes of Transport-
Manali-Leh highway in the Himlayan Mountains is one of the highest roadways in the world
There are several National and State highways in India. The latest development in India is the construction of Express Ways. The Golden Quadrilateral connects Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Kolkata.
- Waterways –
They are mainly of two types of waterways– inland waterways and sea routes.
Navigable rivers and lakes are used as inland waterways. Some of the important inland waterways are the Ganga-Brahmaputra river system, the Great Lakes in North America and the river Nile in Africa.
Sea routes and oceanic routes are mostly used for transporting merchandise and goods from one country to another. These routes are connected with the ports. Some of the important ports of the world are Singapore and Mumbai in Asia, New York, Los Angeles in North America, Rio de Janerio in South America, Durban and Cape Town in Africa, Sydney in Australia, London and Rotterdam in Europe.