National Rural Livelihood Mission
National Rural Livelihood Mission –
- It is a poverty alleviation project.
- It is implemented by Ministry of Rural Development.
- Basic idea is to organize the poor into Self Help Groups and make them capable of employment.
- It was launched in 2011 with a capital of $5.1 Billion and was also supported by World Bank with a credit of $1Billion.
- The objective of the mission rested upon the belief that the poor want to work their way out of poverty and they possess innate capabilities to do so.
- Mission Statement – “To reduce poverty by enabling the poor households to access gainful self- employment and skilled wage employment opportunities resulting in appreciable improvement in their livelihoods on a sustainable basis, through building strong and sustainable grassroots institutions of the poor.”
- Implementation –
National Urban Livelihood Mission –
- Launched and implemented by Ministry of housing and urban poverty alleviation (HUPA)
- It replaces Swarna Jayanti Shehri Rozgar Yojana.
- The main reason is that urban poor have a strong desire to come out of their poverty and improve their quality of life which they are unable to do.
- Beneficiaries include the homeless as well as the street vendors who are invariably ignored by all government programmes.
- Up to five per cent of the NULM budget has been earmarked to provide support to urban street vendors which will include skill upgradation and development of vendor markets.
- Urban poor, especially women, will be organized into Self Help Groups while trained personnel and infrastructure will be provided to improve the skill of the people.
- Rs 10,000 have been earmarked for the formation of SHG’s for initial two years.