10 things you must know about Sarojini Naidu
Sarojini Naidu also known as The Nightingale of India, was an activist during freedom struggle, poet, patriot, politician, orator and administrator.
She was the first Indian woman to become the President of the Indian National Congress and the first woman to become the Governor of Uttar Pradesh state.
She was born on February 13, 1879 in Hyderabad to Dr. Aghornath Chattopadhyaya, a scientist and Varada Sundari Devi, a Bengali poetess.
At the age of 16, she was admitted to King’s College of England. After her return to India she was married to Muthyala Govindarajulu Naidu. They were married by the Brahmo Marriage Act (1872), in Madras in 1898.
She joined the Indian freedom struggle moved by partition of Bengal in 1905. Getting inspired by freedom struggle she joined Indian National Congress Party.
In 1916, she worked on cause of the indigo workers of Champaran in the western district of Bihar. In March 1919, the British government passed the Rowlatt Act by which the possession of seditious documents was deemed illegal. Naidu was the first to join the Non Cooperation movement organised by Gandhiji.
She also actively campaigned for the Montagu-Chelmsford Reforms, the Khilafat issue, the Sabarmati Pact, the Satyagraha Pledge and the Civil Disobedience Movement. In 1919, she went to England as a member of the all-India Home Rule Deputation.
She was elected as the President of the Indian National Congress Party in year 1925.